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 faq list

 
what's this?
This is a list of frequently asked questions (FAQ) about ergonomics. The questions and answers are split into various categories.

Have a look down the list - you may see the question that you want answered, or something very close.

You can jump straight to a particular topic, such as design, by clicking on the heading.

If you don't find the answer to your question, you can ask us by filling in a form.

This section will be constantly updated and added to. Please come back and check it regularly.

IMPORTANT NOTE:
Please make sure you read and understand the notes about the answers to these questions.

 

Who, what, where, how...??Aging and Disability
Q. What is the 90% rule in conjunction with ergonomics, I think it has something to do with design for the disabled. Can you help? Answer
Q. I would like to know if any work has been done around designing ergonomic tables/chairs/beds/water beds/standing frames/change tables, suitable for classrooms with severely disabled students? Answer

Anthropometry
Q. What are the anthropometric data and ergonomics in relation to cot design? Answer
Q. Please send me information on ergonomics and anthropometrics for my systems and control project, on a security alarm.  Answer
Q. How can the musical instrument the flute, be at a suitable size for both a 7 year old and a 17 year old without any extra joints?  Answer

Computer Systems
Q. Can you tell me how to apply ergonomics to computers? Answer

Controls
Q. I wish to know what is the distance a child has to sit from a set of pedals. Answer
Q. What are the latest ergonomic developments related to aircraft cockpit design? Answer

Design
Q. How does ergonomics relate to a mirror and its frame?  Answer
Q. I'm doing a project on school desks and I'd like to know about ergonomics and anthropometry for students in the age range from 7 years old to 11 years old. What are the basic specifications on this?  Answer
Q. I need some information on security keypad locks.  Answer
Q. What is the 90% rule in conjunction with ergonomics, I think it has something to do with design for the disabled. Can you help?  Answer
Q. I am designing a MP3 player for travellers, what factors should I consider?  Answer
Q. I am doing a GCSE project designing some cosmetics packaging. How can I include ergonomics and anthropometrics in to this work?  Answer
Q. I'm supposed to design a  gym platform to be used by different people to perform various body building exercises. Please assist me to set the dimensions so that the platform fulfills the requirements.  Answer
Q. I am designing a digital camera for a graphics project and, as part of my research, I need to consider ergonomic factors. Could you please explain what they are?  Answer
Q. I am looking into resealable cheese packages. The project involves redesigning an existing cheese packaging with a better resealable mechanism. Can you help?  Answer
Q. What information should be taken into account concerning ergonomics when designing a foldable camping accessory e.g. chair, bed, sun lounger etc.?  Answer
Q. I am making a toy box for my GCSE project and I need to look at the ergonomics of it. Can you help?  Answer
Q. How can I incorporate ergonomics into the research stage of designing and modelling the exterior of a public attraction's visitor gift shop?  Answer

Displays
Q. What are the latest ergonomic developments related to aircraft cockpit design? Answer

Ergonomics
Q. Isnít ergonomics just a little part of product design?  Answer
Q. Can I ignore ergonomics?  Answer
Q. How has ergonomics changed since its conception? Do you agree that the focus is now on person-centred ergonomics i.e. if there is a problem between the operator and the environment, the environment should be shaped to suit the operator and not the other way round.  Or was this always the theory?  Answer
Q. How can ergonomics knowledge and methods be applied to improve the design process?  Answer
Q. I am looking for some specific examples where ergonomics is being used in real life and what is its importance.  Answer
Q. Does ergonomics have anything to do with buildings? Answer
Q. What are the benefits of ergonomics?  Answer
Q. How is ergonomics applied to manufacturing?  Answer
Q. Ergonomics draws its knowledge from various fields in the human sciences and technology including anthropometrics, biomechanics, physiology, psychology, toxicology, mechanical engineering, industrial design, information technology and industrial management. Which of these fields is the most important and why?  Answer
Q. Why has Ergonomics become so important?  Answer

Manual Handling
Q. I have to carry my rucksack around all day and some days it is very heavy. Is this going to do long term damage to my spine? Answer
Q. What are the ergonomics of a lawnmower, or pushing or lifting a lawnmower?  Answer
Q. I'm currently designing a racking system that is going to store rowing boats. The system is going to be rotary and adjustable to allow boats to be lifted at the optimum height. Can I use ergonomics to work out this height? Answer
Q. I am designing a backpack. How could I involve the use of biomechanics? Answer
Q. I am looking into manual handling in a nursing home. How does ergonomics apply to this? Specifically I am looking at hoisting people into a bath with a mobile hoist.  Answer

Light
Q. I am designing a light fitting to fit in an office ceiling, what factors should I consider? Answer
Q. I am designing a handheld light meter, could you give me some advice on what implications ergonomics has to do with this project? Answer
Q. We are going to build a new middle school and we will be equipping the internet lab. We are wondering about the ergonomics of the lighting. Answer
Q. What are the anthropometrics and ergonomics of an ordinary house lamp? Answer

Noise
Q. When should a display 'flash' and when should it 'beep'? Answer

Office work (and workstations)
Q. How can I use ergonomics when designing an internet cafe? Answer
Q. Where can I get more information about children and VDUs/workstations? Answer
Q. What improvements do you suggest for a small computer room that has the wires of its computers out in the open on top of workstations? Answer
Q. I'm designing a desk and I don't know how to write about the ergonomics for it. Please can you help? Answer
Q. What is the correlation between a stint at the computer and the ability of the eye to regain its full use? Answer
Q. I need to tell my grandparents how to set up a home office - furniture they will need, any electrical problems that they may have, protection from viruses etc. Answer
Q. When setting up an ICT room with 32 computers (4 blocks x 8 computers) what number/type of printers would you recommend and how many computers would share each printer? Answer
Q. I want to design a new keyboard to fit Indonesian people. What factors make a keyboard more comfortable?  Answer
Q. What are the ergonomics of a computer mouse, and how do they apply to it?  Answer

Product Evaluation
Q. Please can you tell me the ergonomics or safety of game cases, as I am doing a project at school and can't find the basic safety regulations anywhere? Answer
Q. What are the Safety issues to consider when designing a bedside table with a fitted light?  Answer

Safety
Q. What are the requirements for health and safety in an ICT classroom? Answer
Q. Can you help me with the safety of ironing? I have considered some factors in this task, but could you please tell me if I have missed any points?  Answer
Q. What are the health effects and risks faced by office cleaners and supermarket checkout operators?  Answer
Q. Do you have any information about safety of children under 5?  Answer
Q. Why do people make errors?  Answer
Q. What are the Safety issues to consider when designing a bedside table with a fitted light?  Answer

Seating
Q. I am designing a stool for my GCSE project and I need to research about ergonomics for a stool or seating. Can you help? Answer
Q. I'm designing a cockpit for an off road vehicle, and the seat is has to be very close to the floor of the vehicle, (right now the frame of the seat is bolted to the floor with a roughly 8 cm thick cushion/cover) should I have the seat angled and if so at what angle? Answer
Q. I am currently student teaching at an elementary school.  Is there any research indicating how long grade school students may sit at desks before they should get up to move around for their own health and safety?  I have heard that adults working in an office should stand up and move around every 15 minutes.  Are there standards for children? Answer
Q. I am making a chair that has no legs and is made from a metal base which mean that it will bend under the weight of the body. How do I make this chair ergonomically safe? Answer
Q. Why can't I just sit and work or type the way I want to?  What health problems could I develop if I do not follow ergonomic principles? Answer

Tools
Q. How is vibration measured and how does it affect our body? Answer
Q. I am improving a multi-tool as part of my A level product and have chosen to focus on user comfort. How can I apply ergonomics to this? Answer
Q. In my AS level design class I am developing a way to improve grips that fit onto pens, looking at shape, texture etc. I have to explain how ergonomics are applied when designing a new pen and I was wondering if you could help. Answer
Q. I am writing a report dealing with ergonomics and the effects of highly repetitive motions and the effects that they have on the body. Can you give me any information? Answer

Workspace
Q. How can I use ergonomics when designing an internet cafe? Answer
Q. I'm doing a project on schools desks for 6 to 8 year olds. What are the basic specifications on this? Answer
Q. Is a knowledge of ergonomics a prerequisite for successful plant layout?  Answer
Q. Where can I find information about about the optimum amount of living space needed, or recommended when designing houses and room layouts?  Answer
Q. I am interested in applying ergonomics in my classroom. I bought some coloured and mobile furniture for my classroom, so the kids can move and arrange it in different ways. Could you please help me with some ideas regarding this problem? I would also like to use ergonomics to stimulate kids imagination and to ease the process of learning.  Answer
Q. I'm interested in ergonomics in hotels for my master thesis. In Italy there aren't reports in this subject. What could you suggest to me?  Answer
Q. What kind of ergonomics would I use in the kitchen?  Answer
Q. Why is it important to have a ergonomically friendly school?  Answer
Q. Can soldiers in tanks go to the toilet anywhere without getting out? My teacher thought they would not think about going during a battle but I thought they might.  Answer
Q. I am designing a bar and would like any information about the ergonomics of comfortable leaning (as in when leaning on a bar).  Answer

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